It is a celebration of unity, brotherhood and folklore..
Nowruz is one of the most joyful and wonderful holidays in the world. Ancient Iran shams fall on the first day of the month of the Farewell, the Gregorian calendar falls on March 21-22, or rarely on the 23rd. Nowruz is celebrated in many Turkic and Muslim countries, including Central Asian republics and Azerbaijan. Many researchers have researched the history of Nowruz, its relationship to the Zoroastrian or Muslim culture, and found various facts that contradict or corroborate each other. But it is common that it is wrong to associate Novruz with a particular religion or belief. From ancient times, our people considered Novruz the beginning of the new year, symbolizing it as the beginning of abundance, abundance and prosperity.
Celebration of Novruz means a new year, the first day of spring. According to scientists, the history of this holiday is very ancient. The ancient Babylon was also celebrated on the 21st of March (April and April) and lasted 12 days. However, each of these 12 days had its own rituals (rituals, rituals) and entertainment. The first written source states that Novruz holiday is b.a. It was founded in 505 AD.
Islamic figures have always been trying to make this holiday a religious color. However, the emergence of Novruz before Islam is also confirmed by prominent educators Firdovsi, Rudaki, Avisenna, Nizami, Sadi, Hafiz and others. Nizami's "Politics", Omar Khayyam's "Novruznam" and many other articles on the history of the Novruz holiday.
The origin of the Novruz holiday, the myths and myths associated with it are ancient. Researchers say that Novruz is a common occurrence of people in the ancient Near East. They tried to close the Novruz holiday with the name of different historical and legendary personalities (legendary Iranian kings Kayumars (Avesta Kaye Mardan), Jamshid and others). After spreading Islam in the Middle East and Central Asia, the Arab Caliphate began to follow the traditions and celebrations of the peoples of these countries. Throughout the ages, religious leaders have tried to separate this holiday from its natural and historical roots, trying to dress it religiously and abstractly. Some religious leaders have even speculated that Novruz is connected with the coming of the Caliph Ali (656-661). However, Imam Ali came to power in July, and Nowruz is celebrated in the spring. In fact, the ceremonies held by the people in connection with the holiday are not associated with any religious practice. Most peoples have kept a number of traditions, games, and games that were born from the true essence of the spring holiday. Authors of the Middle Ages show that even after the spread of Islam in the eastern countries, the traditions of spring tradition and agricultural calendar have a strong place in the Novruz holiday.
Abu Rayhan al-Biruni (11th century) cites various traditions about the Novruz holiday because of its origins and traditions spread among the people on the occasion of this holiday, noting that Novruz is a truly secular holiday associated with the awakening of nature and the beginning of farming. Nizamul Mulk (XI century) in the book "Politics" refers to Novruz as a public holiday in connection with the arrival of spring. The arrival of Novruz is described and sung in the classical oriental, including the lyrical poem Bahariya, which is widely used in Azerbaijani poetry.
Novruz celebrates the day of astronomical spring in the Northern Hemisphere, day and night (March 20, 21, 22). A number of nations have linked the arrival of spring with the revival of nature, celebrations and celebrations as the beginning of the new year. Since ancient times, Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other eastern nations have been celebrating the coming of spring - New Year with Azerbaijanis. March 21 is the first day of the official calendar in Iran and Afghanistan. As Novruz is a celebration of the peoples of the world, each nation has created its own unique seasonal songs and ceremonial songs in accordance with the ethnic, local and national traditions. Novruz is generally celebrated in Iran, the Caucasus and Central Asia. In Albania, the Sultan Nevruz holiday is celebrated as a religious holiday by the followers of Bektashi. These locations include Los Angeles, Toronto, and London. The city of Los Angeles has a tough decision to keep fires, and no one is allowed to stay on the property. Even so, Iranians and Azerbaijanis who live in Southern California and want to celebrate Novruz, go to California's beaches and set fire to places where they are allowed to stay.
At the core of the Novruz beliefs there are four elements that give life to the person and nature - Water, Fire, Yelin (air), warming and resurrecting the soil. That is why Novruz celebrations begin the new year, that is, four weeks before March 21. This verse is called Gray Moon. Every Wednesday of that month is associated with an element of nature, and thus, inspiring people are created. According to the old beliefs, one of the four elements of nature was raised in each of these Wednesdays. The four last Wednesday of the year before Novruz are considered sacred. These are called Water Wednesday, Fire Wednesday, Wind Wednesday and Soil Wednesday.
The first water Wednesday was called. In other words, small ice-covered areas of spring rivers melt into rivers. The soil begins to warm up slowly. The girls would bring cool, sweet water from the springs, splash around the house, wash their faces.
The second is called Fire Wednesday. Because the spring sun slowly warms, warms and prepares the soil for its creation. The fireworks were still standing on the fire Wednesday. Each family member burned a candle in his name. The rooms were rebuilt.
The third is Wednesday. Some areas are very dear. That is, the soil is already waking up, the fresh flowers longing for spring, the trees barking.
The last one is Wednesday. Mother Nature - The earth is warmed with water, warmed by the sun and prepared for its creation. Therefore, the first spring planting began with the soil on Wednesday.
There are interesting traditions about water and fire. As a country of fire, Azerbaijan has a rich tradition of fire and this is a sign of purification and purification. Tongues remain, and last Wednesday before Novruz, everyone must jump over the top of the fridge seven times, or seven times over one or seven tonals. At the same time as jumping, the words are: "To you, my redness is to you. The fireplace is never extinguished by water. The young men and girls collect the ashes and throw them out of the house, after the fire has extinguished itself. This means that the misfortune of all the family members jumping over the trunk is removed from the family along with the ashes.
Water purification has to do with the real sign of water. Water-related traditions are associated with the new year in Azerbaijan. By jumping over the fresh water in the new year, you can relieve the sins of last year. In addition, all family members spray on each other before they go to bed last night. It is said that last Wednesday night all the water stopped and everyone bowed down and even the trees bent down. If everyone had drunk in this New Year's Eve, they would have avoided all illnesses in the New Year.
The most important of all Wednesday is the last Tuesday, and the main accidents begin. That day will be rich with ancient traditions, encompassing a whole life-style, with fresh wishes, family happiness, happiness and a desire to avoid all misfortune. All houses have a festive table. Different dishes, mainly soups, sweets: beans, sugar, sugarcane, salmon, almonds, etc. It is important to have a festive room at the holiday table. In the middle of the box, candles and dyed eggs are laid for each family member. There are seven types of food on the table. Everyone should be at home that day, but children should visit their parents and return home again.
The tradition of spring in Novruz is a symbol of spring, the revival of nature and agriculture. An Azerbaijani villager wished for prosperity, abundance for the next farm year by placing the sky, and having faith in the fire, the fire, the sun, with every night and every Thursday and holiday, joining the song ("Sing the sun!"). . All these ceremonies are a continuation of the ancient Oriental traditions that existed long before Islam. Before the Novruz holiday there are usually landscaping, cleaning, planting trees and so on. During the Novruz holiday, sweets (buffalo, beetroot, beans, baklava, sugarcane, sugarcane, etc.) are cooked. Colorful eggs are dyed, dining room and chest are decorated, candles are burned, toned is laid, mournful is remembered, mourners are reconciled, relatives are sent to each other, guests share.
The holiday is also rich with ancient games. Of all the genres of his creations, the most famous are tales, stories, epics, jokes, anecdotes, etc. is used. Ancient traditions include "Hidir Elias" (symbol of fertility and prosperity), "Kos-kosa" - a fun game (a symbol of spring's coming) and falconry.
The peak of Novruz is when the old one gives his powers fresh. At the moment, according to the old tradition, balls and rifles spread in honor of Novruz. Even in the nineteenth century, N. Dubrov wrote: "The arrival of spring in Azerbaijan was a sign of widespread shootings in cities and villages." Adam Oleari, a participant in the Novruz celebrations in Azerbaijan, wrote in 1637: "The astronomer often determines the height of the sun through the astronomical device and the solar clock, declaring that the night equals the night:" New year is coming! and at that moment there were widespread fires, and loud music was heard from the towers and walls of the city. So the Spring Festival started. ”
People say, "If you are not at home on the day of the feast, you will be sick for seven years." As a rule, the outer doors were not closed. On the first day of the new year, all night lights are not extinguished, extinguished fire, light is a sign of misery.
In celebrating Novruz, the villagers were able to determine how the new year would go, whether dry or rainy, to the extent of productivity. According to tradition, the first day of Nowruz is spring, the second is summer, the third is autumn, and the fourth day is winter.