December 31 is the World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day.
Currently, there are more than 50 million Azerbaijanis living in different countries of the world. The foundation of the World Azerbaijanis Solidarity Day was laid at the end of December 1989, when the borders were opened in Nakhchivan (Soviet-Iranian border). According to eyewitnesses, the idea of uniting disintegrated peoples following the demolition of the Berlin Wall was rooted in Azerbaijan. At the same time, people of the same nation, both in the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan and in Iran, dismantled barbed wire and expressed their love for each other. At the same date in Istanbul, at the first congress of the World Azeri Turkish Association, it was decided to celebrate December 31 as the Day of Solidarity of Azerbaijanis. On December 16, 1991, the Azerbaijani parliament was asked to adopt a decision. In 1992, during the rule of President Abulfaz Elchibey, this decision was formalized. The Day of Solidarity is celebrated by the Azerbaijanis living in all countries of the world, while the Republic of Azerbaijan is a state holiday. Today there are more than 50 million Azerbaijanis in the world. According to various sources, there are 30-35 million Azerbaijanis in Iran. In particular, there are large Azerbaijani communities in Russia, Turkey, Germany, France, Great Britain, Scandinavia, the United States, and the Middle East.
New Year's Day has become a tradition in many parts of the world. According to some estimates, the ancient New Year was celebrated by the ancient Chinese. Other sources refer to the name of ancient Germans and Romans. Another source attempts to prove that the tradition originated in Mesopotamia. The origin of this holiday is at least 25 years old. The tradition of celebrating the change of the year was first introduced in ancient Mesopotamia. At the end of the fourth millennium BC, cultural centers that still amaze us with the cultural heritage that has survived to this day, such as Sumer, Babylon, and Assyria, are here. According to historians, this is the first time the New Year has been celebrated here. At the end of March, when the water level in the Tigris and Euphrates rivers increased, planting began. People also celebrated the New Year at that time. Solemn ceremonies continued for 12 days. The Good God began to rule Marduk over evil forces and death. All court cases and penalties were postponed. According to a text written on one of the clay books of the time, “the servant became a master” at this feast. By the way, the word "carnival" in the Babylonian translation means "ship-sea." This is also an expression of rituals related to Marduk sailing in the Tigris. On one of the holidays, Marduk's goddess of horror revived the scene of the Battle of the Snake-Tiamat. As a result, Marduk certainly won. The Jews in captivity in Babylon learned the New Year's tradition from the babies and later passed it on to the Greeks. Through the Greeks, this tradition has spread to Western Europe.