May is a month rich with the most remarkable, most successful, successful events in the 20th century of Azerbaijan. One of these wonderful May days is the Day of Republic Day, the Day of the Republic of Azerbaijan on May 28th, which is celebrated, learned, reborn and immortalized everywhere in our republic.
The history of our people's struggle for freedom and independence was decorated with golden letters. May 28, 1918, is a day when every citizen of Azerbaijan feels national pride and dreams. The people of Azerbaijan, who lived for centuries with the desire for freedom and independence, dreamed about this bright May at the beginning of the last century. For the first time in the East, it was declared to the world where an independent republic based on free, democratic, secular values. Our people were liberated from the colonial occupation of Tsarist Russia for more than a century on May 28, 1918 and laid the foundations of the first democratic republic of the East. The Declaration of Independence was adopted at the meeting of the National Council of Azerbaijan that day. Establishment of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was a new stage and historical event in the life of our people in the twentieth century.
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the first democratic republic in the Muslim East, emerged as a logical consequence of centuries-old social-economic, socio-political and cultural development of our country, national revival and revival of our people. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was an indication of the level of political consciousness, intellectual and cultural potential of our people, high talent and abilities. On May 28, 1918, on the proclamation of the independence of Azerbaijan, the leaders of the Republic - Alimardan bey Topchubashov, Mammadam Rasulzade, Fatali Khan Khoyski, Hasan bey Agayev, Nasib bey Yusifbeyli, Samad Bey Mehmandarov, Aliaga Shikhlinski and others have had great services. The names of prominent statesmen, patriotic intelligentsia, professional servicemen have been engraved in memory of our people forever.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was an example of a new state and society that combines the democratic values of Europe with the features of Eastern culture. The events that took place during the first republican period were of great importance in terms of establishing the basis of our independent statehood and determining the path of future development. The establishment of democratic rights and freedoms, recognition of equal rights of all citizens, irrespective of ethnic or religious affiliation, even granting women electoral rights before many European countries, proclaiming the Azerbaijani language as a state language, paying special attention to the development of education and culture, the establishment of security structures and other activities clearly describe the scope, essence and meaning of the policy pursued by the Government of the Democratic Republic of.
The fate of independent Azerbaijan, eight years ago, was not long-lasting. The birth of our first republic was in the tangle of history. As a result of numerous pressures by foreign military forces marching across the country, the government of the young state handed over its government on April 27, 1920. Thus, the 701-day dignified life of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was ended. The first independent state of the Turkic world was smashed.
But no one can be a slave to a free people. After 70 years of May 1918, the people of Azerbaijan again stood up and demanded their rights, freedoms, independence and integrity. He was deprived of this way, he was martyred, but he did not return. In October 1991, the people of Azerbaijan proclaimed their independence for the second time in the twentieth century. Our people have been subjected to persecution on the path to independence and freedom of blood, our lands have been abandoned, and the black patterns of disillusionment, disability, martyrdom have passed. However, thanks to the hard labor and struggle of liberty lovers at the end of the century it was possible to maintain the independence of Azerbaijan.
In May-June 1993, with the sharp decline of the government crisis, when the country was in danger of a civil war and the loss of independence, national leader Heydar Aliyev was brought to power for the second time,
Azerbaijan entered the new stage of its independence. The flowering, the period of economic development began.
The history of Azerbaijan over the last thirty years, the revival that has taken place in all spheres of life of the people over the years is related to the name of the great Azerbaijani leader, national leader Heydar Aliyev. The road leading to the restoration of independent state building from Azerbaijan was originally taken from 1969, when the great leader came to power.
With the return of Heydar Aliyev to the country's leadership after the restoration of the state independence of Azerbaijan, a real turning point in the socio-political, social, economic, scientific and cultural life of Azerbaijan, its international relations has begun, and the process of state building has been started in accordance with scientific principles, international norms and principles. As a result of the urgent measures taken by the visionary leader, on the one hand, important steps were taken to form the National Army, to establish the regular armed forces capable of protecting the national interests of Azerbaijan, to protect our lands, on the other hand, with the launch of all political and diplomatic means in May 1994 The ceasefire was significant.
Using the growing trust and interest of Azerbaijan in the international arena, the signing and implementation of the first oil contract in September 1994, called the "Contract of the Century", was carried out by Heydar Aliyev and the implementation of an oil strategy is a brilliant manifestation.
As the founder of modern independent Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev created the basis of our national statehood. Independent Azerbaijan, the founder of the Great Leader, who has given all his meaningful life to his people, will gradually develop, and his founder will live forever.